Kristina Vukušić, Desanka Filipović, Snežana Milićev

Obesity is a chronic disease characterized by an increase in body fat mass, to the extent that leads to compromised health and the development of a series of complications. In the assessment of obesity anthropometry is commonly used. Obesity is defined by body mass index ≥ 30 kg/ m2. Obesity leads to increased morbidity and mortality of the diseases associated with obesity, such as cardiovascular diseases, type 2 diabetes, reproductive disorders and some types of malignancies. In assessing the risk of developing obesity complications, besides the total weight of body fat, it is also important to take into account regional body fat distribution. Abdominal obesity, and especially higher inter-abdominal visceral adiposity, is closely related to the most significant obesity complications (metabolic, cardiovascular and malign diseases). Obesity is a disease which can be treated. Treatment strategy involves a special diet, scheduled physical activity, medication and surgical treatment.

Keywords: obesity, visceral adiposity, obesity complications, anthropometry